Gap down patterns are also known as falling windows. They’re bearish. Gappers are blank windows that form because after hours and pre-market had something happen that caused price to open lower than the previous days close. Gap down patterns can be found on many stock charts. The gap down pattern occur when price opens lower than the previous day’s close. Gaps are seen as key levels of support and resistance hence you need to pay attention.
Gaps occur because of trader emotions. Trading emotions are where Japanese candlesticks patterns come from. Greed and fear move markets. Candlesticks are a way we, as traders, can gauge the emotional pulse of the market (take our free stock trading courses and you’ll learn how to read the stock market).
Selling power was pretty extreme in the after hours and pre-market trading causing supply and demand to go out of balance. Gappers let you know that a traders view has changed overnight.
News can move markets as well as earnings when stock trading. Earnings reports come out after market close. Sometimes even with good earnings a stock can gap down.
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Gap Down Patterns & Support and Resistance
Using the gappers strategy as key levels of support and resistance is something you’ll notice a lot of traders do. They will get filled. It might not be right away but gaps do fill.
If you’ve ever looked at gaps on a chart, then you’ll notice that the two candlesticks that form the gap also act as support and resistance. When a gapper occurs the overall perception at that time is a bearish one.
The bulls will come in and try to fill that gap but it may take awhile to happen. So be aware of the key levels of support and resistance that gap provides.
Gappers are easier to find on daily charts although the can be found on any time frame. It’s easier to form gaps on a day to day basis than it is any other time frame.
You can find them on intraday charts also but they’re more indicative of how a trader feels about a stock on a daily chart. Gaps are much more rare on weekly and monthly charts.
A weekly chart can only have a gap when Monday opens lower than the previous Friday and then proceeds to trade lower the rest of the week. A monthly chart would be when a month begins lower than the previous months close and stays that way.
When there are gaps on thinly traded stocks, that is more indicative of normal volatility than a trader’s view on the stock. Those are much riskier to trade and should be avoided. Learn how to make money in the stock market for beginners.
Using Technical Analysis
Gappers form key levels of support and resistance. That’s why being able to read candlesticks is so important. The wicks and real bodies form those important levels.
Technical analysis such as moving averages, MACD and RSI are important when a stock is trading in a gap. They can help you determine the direction it’s heading, whether up or down.
Moving averages such as the simple moving average formula can also form important buy and sell signals. All of these tools are used to paint a picture of trends and direction; including gap down patterns. Bookmark our penny stock list page for our daily watch lists.
This chart below shows how after the run up on $GME traders sold when the daily candles started to create some really scary patterns. The gap down highlighted shows how traders were quite panicky holding long after a massive run up. Once a stock makes a “middle finger pattern” on the daily, with lots of gaps, things tend to get a bit messy.
Using Patterns Within the Patterns
Candlesticks group together to form patterns over a period of time. Candles such as bearish candlesticks coupled with other candles form patterns that traders are very aware of.
Traders are creatures of habit and will always trade patterns along with support and resistance. Candles tell a story. However, when coupled with patterns and technical indicators, paint a much clearer picture. Take our free stock trading courses