What Is a Hammer in Candlesticks and What Does It Signify?
Hammer candlesticks are a popular reversal pattern formation found at the bottom of down trends. They consist of small to medium size lower shadows, a real body, and little to no upper wick. This shows a hammering out of a base and reversal setup. These candles are typically green or white on stock charts. Look for a break above the candle to confirm reversal. Watch our video on how to identify and trade hammer candlesticks.
A hammer candlestick is typically found at the base of a downtrend or near support levels. Hammer candlesticks consist of a smaller real body with no upper wick and a longer lower shadow. They are typically green or white on stock charts.
Hammer candlesticks are bullish reversal signs. In fact, you see a lot of the hammer candlestick in downtrends. The bulls come back in to hammer out a base. Watch our video above to learn more about hammer candlesticks and their importance when trading.Hammer’s don’t always stop a downtrend. Look at the news surrounding that stock because emotions affect price movement. This is something the legendary rice trader Homma realized.
Because of his realization we have Japanese candlesticks patterns. In fact, candlesticks are used to gauge emotion in the markets. As a result, a stocks actual value might be different than the price it’s currently trading at.
Is a Red Hammer Bullish?
A red hammer found at the bottom of downtrends is still a bullish reversal pattern. The bulls till overtook the bears but price didn’t get back above the opening price of the candle.
Basics of Hammer Candlesticks
The stock market is a tug of war between the bulls and the bears. As a result, charts are full of bullish candlesticks and bearish candlesticks. A hammer candle pattern forms when a base is being hammered out.
The stock trades significantly lower than the opening price but rallies later in the day to close at or above it’s opening price.
You tend to see a hammer candle in a stock that’s been in a downturn. It’s finding its base. Just because it’s found its base doesn’t mean the bulls are coming back in however. They are gaining strength though.
Whereas doji candlesticks show indecision, hammer candlesticks are reversal candles. Getting confirmation is always good though. Download our candlesticks charts free e-book.
The Psychology of Hammer Candlesticks
A hammer candlestick meaning can be defined as finding support through panic selling. The wick shows that sellers drove price low that day. However, it had a strong finish indicating buyers came back in at the end of the day.
A hammer candle pattern is at its most effective when there are at least 3 declining candles in a row. A declining candle really shows that panic selling. Each day has a lower low illustrating the fear and panic selling continuing.
Shorts can be apart of this as well. They see these declining prices and decide to short sell. The bears are in control. Now, the bulls may notice how inexpensive a stock has become and all the sudden it looks attractive to them.
A high wave candlestick or a long legged doji candlestick could be forming instead of a hammer candle. That’s why you should wait for confirmation. Or look at the pattern instead of getting hung up on what each candle is. We teach how to trade hammer candlesticks on our live daily streams. Check out our trading service to learn more.
What Does a Hammer Signify?
A hammer is typically a bullish pattern that’s found at support levels or the base of a downtrend. If you see a hammer that’s at the top of an uptrend then that’s considered a hanging man candle and is showing signs of a potential reversal to the downside.
Hammers and Patterns
Are you a fan of hammers yet? A hammer candlestick chart pattern can be confirmed when the candlestick after the hammer candle has higher lows. The rise in price could be short sellers covering their positions. That’s why it’s important to wait for a bullish confirmation.
The wick on a hammer chart pattern shows there’s still plenty of sellers. You need more buying pressure and volume. What does volume mean in stocks is an important part of trading. Stock volume gives you that buying pressure you need. It can come in the form of a gap up or a nice bullish candle. Because hammers show there are still a lot of sellers a lot of volume can go a long way to reinforce how valid the reversal is.
Using Technical Analysis
Hammer candles usually form around support levels which is why you should know how to draw support and resistance. The simple moving average formula is a moving average that is used a lot for this as well.
Use the VWAP trading strategy too. Candlesticks real bodies and wicks map out key areas of support and resistance too. Moving average crossovers coupled with reversal candles like hammer candlesticks and volume can confirm a trend reversing.
Trading the trend is something every trader does. They’re creatures of habit. They trade patterns, trends and support and resistance.
That’s why it’s important that every trader learns this. Take our candlesticks patterns course.
They are found on all different time frames such as the daily, weekly, monthly, 1 min, and 5 min charts. They are a very popular reversal candlestick for day traders and momentum traders, especially when found on a 5 min intraday chart.
Traders will look for this reversal setup, then find an entry on a 1 min chart, using a close below that 5 min hammer as a stop.
How to Trade Hammer Candlesticks
- Knowing how to trade hammer candlesticks is quite simple:
- Traders take a long position when price breaks above the high of the candlestick.
- They use a candlestick close below the low as a stop level.
- Some may take a short at the break of the low and use a candlestick close above high as a stop.
Hammer candlesticks can be used with swing trading techniques or day trading strategies that work. The key is study and practice. If you’ve ever played an instrument you know how practicing betters your ability.
Most times as a kid you’d rather be playing instead of practicing but your mom made you. The same can be said for the stock market. You learn so much by studying and then practicing even if you would rather be watching a movie. Take our free online trading courses.