Hammer Candlesticks

Hammer Candlesticks

4 min read

Hammer candlesticks are a popular reversal pattern formation found at the bottom of downtrends. They consist of small to medium size lower shadows, a real body, and little to no upper wick. This shows a hammering out of a base and reversal setup. These candles are typically green or white on stock charts. Look for a break above the candle to confirm the reversal. 

Hammer Candlesticks A hammer candlestick is typically found at the base of a downtrend or near support levels. Hammer candlesticks comprise a smaller real body with no upper wick and a long lower shadow. They are typically green or white on stock charts. Hammer candlesticks are bullish reversal signs. See a lot of the hammer candlestick in downtrends. Hammers do not always stop a downtrend. Look at the news surrounding that stock because emotions affect price movement.

This pattern forms when a base is being hammered out. The stock trades significantly lower than the opening price but rallies later in the day to close at or above its opening price.

Tend to see a hammer candle in stock in a downturn. This is because it is finding its base. However, just because it has found its base does not mean the bulls are returning. They are gaining strength, though. Whereas doji candlesticks show indecision, hammer candlesticks are reversal candles. Getting confirmation is always good.

A hammer candlestick meaning can be defined as finding support through panic selling. The wick shows that sellers drove price low that day. However, it had a strong finish indicating buyers returned at the end of the day.

A hammer candle pattern is most effective when at least three declining candles are in a row. A declining candle shows panic selling. Each day has a lower low illustrating the fear and panic selling continuing.

Shorts can be a part of this as well. They see these declining prices and decide to sell short. But, again, the bears are in control. Now, the bulls may notice how inexpensive a stock has become, and suddenly, it looks attractive to them.

A high-wave candlestick or a long-legged doji candlestick could be forming instead of a hammer candle. That’s why you should wait for confirmation. Or look at the pattern instead of getting hung up on what each candle is.


A hammer candlestick chart pattern can be confirmed when the candlestick after the hammer candle has higher lows. The price rise could be short sellers covering their positions. That is why it is important to wait for a bullish confirmation.

The wick on a hammer chart pattern shows there are still plenty of sellers. It would be best if it had more buying pressure and volume. Because hammers show, there are still a lot of sellers, and a lot of volumes can go a long way to reinforce how good the reversal is.

How to Trade Hammer Candlesticks

SPY Hammer Candlestick
  • Traders take a long position when the price breaks above the candlestick’s high.
  • They use a candlestick close below the low as a stop level.
  • Take a short at the break of the low and use a candlestick close above as a stop.

Frequently Asked Questions

A hammer is typically a bullish pattern that's found at support levels or the base of a downtrend. If you see a hammer that's at the top of an uptrend then that's considered a hanging man candle and is showing signs of a potential reversal to the downside.
A red hammer found at the bottom of downtrends is still a bullish reversal pattern. The bulls till overtook the bears but price didn't get back above the opening price of the candle.

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