PSAR Indicator

PSAR Indicator Explained

6 min read

First introduced by technical analyst Willes Wilder in 1978, the PSAR indicator – when used properly, gives traders a cutting edge in the market. This article will discuss this indicator’s ins and outs and how to use it in your trading strategy. 

PSAR, short for parabolic stop-and-reverse, is not only a powerful indicator but a deadly one. As you may know, traders have 100’s indicators to choose from, but in my opinion, the PSAR is one of the best.

Profitable traders use the PSAR indicator to determine whether the current price trend will continue or reverse. But there’s more: it also assists traders in determining proper entry and exit points. Keep reading, and I’ll show you how! 

Main Takeaways

  • The fundamental purpose of the PSAR indicator is to determine trend direction and capture reversal signals and trade entry and exit points.
  • A bullish trend is characterized by a PSAR dot below a candlestick body, whereas a PSAR dot above a candlestick body characterizes a bearish trend.
  • The PSAR is fantastic for trading volatile swinging markets as it only moves in the direction of the trend.
  • It performs best in markets with a steady upward or downward trend.
  • Since the SAR tends to whipsaw back and forth in sideways trending markets, it’s not wise to use it for trading signals.
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PSAR Indicator Basics

Also known as the “stop and reversal system,” the PSAR indicator appears as a series of dots on top or below candlesticks. We interpret the result in one of two ways.

Firstly, a dot below the candlestick is considered a bullish signal. Conversely, a dot above the candlestick means the bears are in control. At the same time, you need to be careful as momentum is likely to remain downward.

What Happens to the Dots?

As the price of a stock rises, so do the dots. At first, they rise slowly, then pick up speed and accelerate with the trend.

As the trend develops, the PSAR indicator starts to move faster, and the dots soon catch up to the price, which can help you predict when a stock will go up.

When the dots on the PSAR indicator flip, buckle up. It means that a potential change in price direction is underway.

This is valuable information for traders for obvious reasons. If you’re thinking of going long on stock but the dots are above the price, you wait for the dots to flip.

Once the dots flip below the price, it’s a strong signal of a further rise in price. Now is your time to enter.

AAPL PSAR Indicator

$AAPL Daily Vs Weekly Chart TrendSpider With PSAR: Notice how we have daily candles vs the weekly time frame of $PSAR and how we could of identified a SWING TRADE trend due to the weekly PSAR dots? 🙂

How Is the PSAR Indicator Used in Trading?

For proof, look no further than the following chart. Following the indicator signals properly would have kept you in the long trade (or out of shorts) until the pullback to the downside began. When the uptrend resumed, the indicator got the trader back in. This shows that the indicator works well for capturing profits during a trend. 

PSAR Indicator Example

One Great Use of the PSAR Indicator

Did you know the PSAR indicator is a great way to set stop-loss orders? Let me explain. When your stock price is rising, move your stop-loss to match the PSAR indicator.

The fundamental concept applies to your short position—as the price falls, so will the indicator. All you need to do is move your stop-loss to match the indicator’s level after every price bar.

Indicators That Compliment the PSAR

It’s best not to have all your eggs in one basket; the same goes for trading. Undoubtedly, it’s wiser to confirm your trade signal if you have a few indicators – but not too many- than to rely solely on one specific indicator.

Many traders like to use stochastics and moving averages – the 21-day EMA, to be exact, in conjunction with the PSAR indicator. These are the only three indicators I have on my chart right now.

There’s no one-size-fits-all approach; find the indicators that work for you, and you will find your profits. The image below shows a real-life example using moving averages.

When the price is trading above a long-term moving average, PSAR buy signals are much more valid and convincing. Translated into simple language, buyers are in control of the price direction.

Combined PSAR buy signals can be interpreted as the beginning of another push-up. Alternatively, when the price is below the moving average, your sell signals are when the dots move from below to above.

PSAR Indicator Signals

Some Drawbacks

Undoubtedly, the indicator works fabulously in markets trending up and down. But this is another story in markets that are moving sideways or choppy.

During sideways periods, the PSAR indicator gives multiple poor, false trading signals; the chart shows this at the beginning.

Final Thoughts: PSAR Indicator

The PSAR indicator is worth its weight in gold. It tells us price direction and provides new long or short trade signals. In a market trending strongly up or down, it works fabulously.

However, as I mentioned above, it produces many false signals and losing trades when the price starts moving sideways. Only trade in the dominant trend direction using the PSAR indicator to avoid this situation. 

Regardless of the indicators, you must know if you want to win this game. Nowadays, new traders will jump in with all their cash without developing their skills.

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