What are the best technical indicators for day trading? Will you trade on the fundamentals or the technicals? Should you look at the companies cash flow statements or volume before you buy? I forgot to mention the news, does it matter?
Do you have any idea what I am talking about? If you have the deer in headlights look, don’t worry. Because today I’m going to explain what the best technical indicators for day trading are, and the strategies you can use to profit from them.
Before we get started and into the nitty-gritty details, let’s take a step back to differentiate between those who are fundamental traders vs those who are technical traders.
And yes, there is a difference. You most likely have heard people referring to trading on the fundamentals or trading on the technicals. To make a long story short, here’s what’s relevant to each type of trader.
In essence, fundamental traders are the “buy and hold” type of trader. You may be a fundamental trader and don’t even know it. If you hold long-term investments, that’s you.
Maybe you have a financial planner and/or an investment advisor who does this for you. Either way, nine times out of ten, you or your licensed planner looks at the criteria listed above before going in for the long haul. If you’re looking at fundamentals on your own, we recommend Stock Rover.
Technical traders focus on charts and graphs in an “attempt” to determine the direction of a stock or the beginning, continuation or end of a trend.
Notice how I emphasize attempt. And to nail down a bit deeper, momentum day traders look for stocks that are moving significantly in one direction on high volume.
Ultimately their goal is to ride the momentum train until they hit their profit level. So what are the best technical indicators for day trading?
Let’s explore some of the common, dare I say best technical indicators for day trading.
I’m going to start with, one of the most essential indicators there is: volume. Any day trader knows that volume or the number of shares traded over a given period or time is a must.
And the higher the volume, the more active the security. As you’ll see below, there’s a few reasons why volume is so important. So what does volume mean in stocks?
Volume is used to confirm uptrends such as breakouts, downtrends and overall chart patterns (i.e. head and shoulders, flags, etc.). Which means, if you want to trade breakouts, a volume surge is mandatory to confirm that it’s in fact, a breakout.
Any price movement (up or down) with relatively high volume is seen as a stronger, more relevant move than a similar move with weak volume. Commonly, we see surges of volume in the pre-market and novice traders get burned because they buy right out of the gate. Be careful because the stock could crash or pull back upon market opening because it is either overbought/super-extended.
You see the crash because usually everyone jumps out at the market opening, which causes a wash. Let’s say you see this setup; what should you do?
One of two things are possible; firstly, this could be a great short opportunity or secondly, a potential to dip buy once it found its bottom. If the volume is starting to decrease in an upward trend, it’s usually a sign that the upward run is about to end. In other words, a reversal is coming. That, in my opinion, is pretty powerful information to know.
A surge of volume is mandatory to confirm a breakout. If there’s no volume it is not a breakout; it could be just a false rally. Thus, if you’re looking at a significant price movement, it’s critical you also example the volume to see whether it tells the same story.
An example would be a stock surging in price; you jump in and buy. Be wary though. If there’s a decrease in volume, it signals an end of the trend and a lack of interest.
It’s warning of a potential reversal. My advice to you is to get out now if you’re long in the stock. On the other hand, if you fancy the short side of things, this is your time to enter.
As a rule, I want to identify a stock that has an average of 300,000 shares traded per day. Why? It means there’s a lot of people willing to buy what I’m selling or vice versa.
I want to be able to enter and exit a trade quickly. In other words, I don’t want to be stuck with a stock I can’t unload. Now keep in mind this is my preference, and sometimes I adjust it to 500,000.
You might like to keep the numbers higher at a million or lower at 100,000; it’s your choice.
Next to volume, VWAP or the Volume Weighted Average Price is probably one of the most important day trading technical indicators. I know of some traders who only use VWAP and Volume to confirm their entry and exit points.
Other moving averages are calculated based only on the price of the stock on the chart; whereas VWAP takes into account both price and volume. Thus it lets you know if the buyers or the sellers are in control of the price action.
So, if I want to go long on a stock, I ensure the candlesticks are above VWAP. The opposite is true if I want to short; the candlesticks must be below VWAP.
A lot of traders will take a small position entry on the VWAP in anticipation of a bounce. Some platforms such as Trade Ideas even have built-in VWAP crossover scanners; this goes to show the weight this indicator throws around.
If you want to know how to predict when a stock will go up, then a trend indicator like VWAP is extremely helpful. I use the upper and lower VWAP bands instead of Bollinger bands.
That way, when price is trading inside or outside of the bands, I know consolidation is coming. And I wait.
$NVDA is one of the top stocks on our tech stocks list.
The RSI oscillator is known as the Relative Strength Index, and is one of the momentum indicators. By definition, RSI is the average gain of up periods during a specified time frame divided by the average loss of down periods.
Yes I know, that’s a mouthful. Usually, it’s over 14 trading days, and the resulting number will tell us if a reversal is imminent. It’s a pretty powerful indicator and one the savvy day trader should heed.
RSI measures on a percentage scale from 0 to 100 and is most advantageous when you can’t see a clear trend. In most instances, this would be a stock that is trading horizontally or sideways.
RSI > 70% = Overbought
What does this mean? The stock is overbought and is trading near the top of its high-low range. Thus it is primed for a reversal in the down direction
How to capitalize on this? It could be a great time for a short entry. Alternatively, if you’re long in the stock, it’s time to exit your position.
RSI< 30% = Oversold
What does this mean? The stock is oversold and is trading near the bottom of its high-low range. Thus it is primed for a reversal in the up direction.
How to capitalize on this? Consider a dip buy.
Another popular momentum indicator is the moving average convergence divergence (MACD) oscillator. MACD shows the relationship between two moving averages.
Even though it is up to the discretion of the trader, you typically use the 12-day and 26-day exponential moving averages (EMAs). Subtracting these EMAs from each other gives us the MACD line which is then (usually) graphed with a 9-day EMA.
Next, the 9-day EMA or signal line is plotted on top of the MACD, functioning as a buy and sell trigger.
12 day EMA>26 day EMA = +MACD = upside momentum is increasing
12 day EMA<26 day EMA = -MACD = downside momentum is increasing
Another vital component necessary to your success as a day trader is float, or the number of shares available to trade on the open market.
Generally speaking, the lower, the better because these are the stocks that will move and move quickly because they’re less liquid.
In other words, a huge demand can very quickly move the price of a stock, and you want to capitalize on this.
My recommendation is to set two filters. Your first filter should be for a float greater than 300,000 to ensure the stock is, in fact, liquid.
Likewise, your second filter should be for a float with less than 20 million shares traded. Stocks with floats over 20 million don’t have the big daily price moves you want for day trading.
RVOL, displayed as a ratio, compares the current volume to the normal volume for the same time of day. For example, if a stock is trading five times its normal volume, it would have a relative volume display of five.
In the day trading world, we like to see RVOL at two or higher with a positive catalyst (i.e. positive news on a drug trial).
A high RVOL coupled with a low float is a stock with the potential to make you money! Almost every winner has a high relative volume that day compared to its average volume.
Momentum indicators are crucial tools for traders and powerful ones when combined with other technical indicators. Once a direction’s been established, momentum indicators are valuable because they tell us the strength of price movement trends and when the end is near.
If you want to learn how to spot trends using technical indicators, head on over to our website. We have a plethora of free courses and information available to you. What about a coffee chat or consult with our pros? Yes, they’re free as well.